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PUBLISHED

CVE-2024-27004

clk: Get runtime PM before walking tree during disable_unused

Reserved:2024-02-19
Published:2024-05-01
Updated:2024-05-13

Description

In the Linux kernel, the following vulnerability has been resolved: clk: Get runtime PM before walking tree during disable_unused Doug reported [1] the following hung task: INFO: task swapper/0:1 blocked for more than 122 seconds. Not tainted 5.15.149-21875-gf795ebc40eb8 #1 "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables this message. task:swapper/0 state:D stack: 0 pid: 1 ppid: 0 flags:0x00000008 Call trace: __switch_to+0xf4/0x1f4 __schedule+0x418/0xb80 schedule+0x5c/0x10c rpm_resume+0xe0/0x52c rpm_resume+0x178/0x52c __pm_runtime_resume+0x58/0x98 clk_pm_runtime_get+0x30/0xb0 clk_disable_unused_subtree+0x58/0x208 clk_disable_unused_subtree+0x38/0x208 clk_disable_unused_subtree+0x38/0x208 clk_disable_unused_subtree+0x38/0x208 clk_disable_unused_subtree+0x38/0x208 clk_disable_unused+0x4c/0xe4 do_one_initcall+0xcc/0x2d8 do_initcall_level+0xa4/0x148 do_initcalls+0x5c/0x9c do_basic_setup+0x24/0x30 kernel_init_freeable+0xec/0x164 kernel_init+0x28/0x120 ret_from_fork+0x10/0x20 INFO: task kworker/u16:0:9 blocked for more than 122 seconds. Not tainted 5.15.149-21875-gf795ebc40eb8 #1 "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables this message. task:kworker/u16:0 state:D stack: 0 pid: 9 ppid: 2 flags:0x00000008 Workqueue: events_unbound deferred_probe_work_func Call trace: __switch_to+0xf4/0x1f4 __schedule+0x418/0xb80 schedule+0x5c/0x10c schedule_preempt_disabled+0x2c/0x48 __mutex_lock+0x238/0x488 __mutex_lock_slowpath+0x1c/0x28 mutex_lock+0x50/0x74 clk_prepare_lock+0x7c/0x9c clk_core_prepare_lock+0x20/0x44 clk_prepare+0x24/0x30 clk_bulk_prepare+0x40/0xb0 mdss_runtime_resume+0x54/0x1c8 pm_generic_runtime_resume+0x30/0x44 __genpd_runtime_resume+0x68/0x7c genpd_runtime_resume+0x108/0x1f4 __rpm_callback+0x84/0x144 rpm_callback+0x30/0x88 rpm_resume+0x1f4/0x52c rpm_resume+0x178/0x52c __pm_runtime_resume+0x58/0x98 __device_attach+0xe0/0x170 device_initial_probe+0x1c/0x28 bus_probe_device+0x3c/0x9c device_add+0x644/0x814 mipi_dsi_device_register_full+0xe4/0x170 devm_mipi_dsi_device_register_full+0x28/0x70 ti_sn_bridge_probe+0x1dc/0x2c0 auxiliary_bus_probe+0x4c/0x94 really_probe+0xcc/0x2c8 __driver_probe_device+0xa8/0x130 driver_probe_device+0x48/0x110 __device_attach_driver+0xa4/0xcc bus_for_each_drv+0x8c/0xd8 __device_attach+0xf8/0x170 device_initial_probe+0x1c/0x28 bus_probe_device+0x3c/0x9c deferred_probe_work_func+0x9c/0xd8 process_one_work+0x148/0x518 worker_thread+0x138/0x350 kthread+0x138/0x1e0 ret_from_fork+0x10/0x20 The first thread is walking the clk tree and calling clk_pm_runtime_get() to power on devices required to read the clk hardware via struct clk_ops::is_enabled(). This thread holds the clk prepare_lock, and is trying to runtime PM resume a device, when it finds that the device is in the process of resuming so the thread schedule()s away waiting for the device to finish resuming before continuing. The second thread is runtime PM resuming the same device, but the runtime resume callback is calling clk_prepare(), trying to grab the prepare_lock waiting on the first thread. This is a classic ABBA deadlock. To properly fix the deadlock, we must never runtime PM resume or suspend a device with the clk prepare_lock held. Actually doing that is near impossible today because the global prepare_lock would have to be dropped in the middle of the tree, the device runtime PM resumed/suspended, and then the prepare_lock grabbed again to ensure consistency of the clk tree topology. If anything changes with the clk tree in the meantime, we've lost and will need to start the operation all over again. Luckily, most of the time we're simply incrementing or decrementing the runtime PM count on an active device, so we don't have the chance to schedule away with the prepare_lock held. Let's fix this immediate problem that can be ---truncated---

Product status

Default status
unaffected

9a34b45397e5 before 253ab38d1ee6
affected

9a34b45397e5 before 4af115f1a20a
affected

9a34b45397e5 before a29ec0465dce
affected

9a34b45397e5 before a424e713e0cc
affected

9a34b45397e5 before 60ff482c4205
affected

9a34b45397e5 before 115554862294
affected

9a34b45397e5 before e581cf5d2162
affected

Default status
affected

4.15
affected

Any version before 4.15
unaffected

5.4.275
unaffected

5.10.216
unaffected

5.15.157
unaffected

6.1.88
unaffected

6.6.29
unaffected

6.8.8
unaffected

6.9
unaffected

References

https://git.kernel.org/stable/c/253ab38d1ee652a596942156978a233970d185ba

https://git.kernel.org/stable/c/4af115f1a20a3d9093586079206ee37c2ac55123

https://git.kernel.org/stable/c/a29ec0465dce0b871003698698ac6fa92c9a5034

https://git.kernel.org/stable/c/a424e713e0cc33d4b969cfda25b9f46df4d7b5bc

https://git.kernel.org/stable/c/60ff482c4205a5aac3b0595ab794cfd62295dab5

https://git.kernel.org/stable/c/115554862294397590088ba02f11f2aba6d5016c

https://git.kernel.org/stable/c/e581cf5d216289ef292d1a4036d53ce90e122469

cve.org CVE-2024-27004

nvd.nist.gov CVE-2024-27004

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